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Dasht-e Kavir, Kavir-e Markazi (Central desert of Iran)

Dasht-e Kavir , Kavir-e Markazi (Central desert of Iran)

Why Dasht-e Kavir is important

Dasht-e Kavir , larger than the Lut desert , is one of two Iranian deserts that situated in the middle of the Iranian plateau.

There are a couple of protected areas inside the desert  that supervised by the Department of the Environment . Kavir National Park is one of them with numerous wild animals. Dasht-e Kavir is the other one , it is also known as Iran Central Desert, Kavir-e Markazi Iran, Kavire Namak, and the Great Salt Desert.

Wher is it?

Location of this desert is in  southeast of Alburz Mountains.  It is about 300 kilometers from the east and southeast of Tehran.

How big is it?

This desert, nearly 800km long and 320km wide, consists of mud and saltmarsh (kavirs).

How it was created?

Before land was covered by an ocean that surrounded a small part of the continent in what is currently central Iran.  While the ocean dried up, it left a layer of salt approximately six to seven kilometers thick.

During the times , the layer of salt covered by a large layer of mud.  However, salt has a relatively low density in comparison to the layer of mud and rocks.  Thus it started moving upward through the overlying sediment , and finally, over centuries, the salt broke through and created a dome.  The best examples of this geological phenomenon in the world are possibly the salt domes of Dasht-e Kavir.

Geologists have recognized nearly 50 big salt domes in this area , some of which have gradually been eroded by rain and wind exposing its surface.

Despite the fact it resembles a rigid surface, the salt layer is just a few inches deep.  Below that sits a treacherous, smooth, oily-like mud that Iranians call “Charbeh”, where falling in is a real death trap and is a great challenge to escape from as mentioned above.

How dangerous is it?

Due to this risk, the journey through the Dasht-e Kavir is particularly hazardous. The soil is infertile and therefore not conducive for agriculture.  This desert is mostly unpopulated with just some parts of it appropriate for exploring.

People have settled in the scattered oases , where wind-blocking houses are constructed in order to deal with the unpleasant weather conditions.  Some folk inhabit the hills and mountains.  Animals such as camels, wild sheep, goats, and Persian leopards also live in the mountainous regions.

What we offer you to visit this desert?

Dasht-e Kavir

Persiatrek is an active tour operator, has created many different types of adventure trips to cover activities suitable for all .  Most trips conducted in the last ten years were desert trekking tours, long camel trek tours, and long desert trekking expeditions.

Iran central desert trekking tour is one of our famous tours that we carry out annually as a group tour.

In addition we have developed several special routes in different parts of Dasht-e Kavir desert for Mountain Biking and desert cycling.

In five different parts of this desert , we have designed and conducted our distinctive cycling tours; our famous Iranian Coast to Coast by Bicycle tour also crosses two different parts of Iran’s desert.

We have another desert cycling tour , “Cycling through Iran’s Dasht-e Kavir (Central Desert)” which crosses Dasht-e Kavir Desert, and it is just one of our special cycling tours.

We also have a 4×4 desert safari inside Dasht-e Kavir Desert . this tour is interesting for whom would like to view more places that are unreachable on foot or bicycle

Lut desert

Lut desert


Lut is a vast desert that covers about 10% of Iran. Lut Desert is one of the hot and dry regions of the world with an area of ​​120,000 square kilometers. This region is full of unknowns. This scorching and mysterious area has been so attractive that it is registered as the first natural monument of Iran in the UNESCO list of natural heritage.

Lut  is located in the southeast of Iran and gets the title of the most pristine spot in Iran. “Lut” in Baluchi language, which is one of the languages ​​of northwestern Iran, means naked, waterless, thirsty and empty of everything. The main part of this great desert is made up of sand and gravel and other parts of it have desert geography.

Lut desert


Twelve hiking trails in Iran that must be visited

Twelve hiking trails in Iran that must be visited

Twelve hiking trails in Iran that must be visited

Lake Neor

One of the most beautiful hiking trails in Iran and a kind of lost paradise, is located between Guilan province and Ardabil province . This region is not really comparable to any other place in Iran in terms of natural beauty. Every corner of nature in this area will surprise you with a new attraction. One of the natural beauties of this region is called Lake Nevar. Lake Noor, located near the village of Abbasabad, is one of the best hiking trails in Iran.
You can only choose this path for walking if you are physically fit. This is a fairly mountainous hiking trail but it can not be climbed. You will climb various hills to reach your destination. Many hiking and hiking people camp here to enjoy the nature of the area.
There are generally five hiking trails in the area. The two routes start from Khalkhal and Ardibel. But the other three paths all start from Hashtpar Talesh. On your way, you will visit Subatan, Varzan waterfall, Shile Vasht, Sheblu, Honi nettle and all these beautiful and captivating areas. Above the heights of this route, you will see amazing views that are really worth seeing.