+98 902 346 1833 info@persiatrek.com


Damavand peak is a semi-active volcano with a height of 5610 meters.

Mount Damavand is the highest peak of the Iran plateau as well as the highest volcano in Asia.

In this article, we are going to explain interesting Mount Damavand facts :

1. The height of Damavand

The height of Damavand peak above the sea level is 5610 meters but from the highest to the lowest point is 4661 meters and it is the 12th most prominent peak  in the world.

2. The national symbol of Iran

This mountain is one of the national symbols of Iran and its image is included on Iranian banknotes

3. Ice waterfall

Damavand trekking tour

There is a frozen waterfall on the south side of Mount Damavand that is also a unique icefall in the world. The height of the ice waterfall is 7 meters and its diameter is 3 meters, and the interesting thing about this waterfall is that its ice never melts.

Damavand ice waterfall location is at an altitude of 5,100 meters above sea level as well as it is the highest icefall in the Middle East.

4. Anemone plain

The slopes of Damavand mountain at an altitude of 2,000 to 3,500 meters are covered with anemones. This unique anemone has been registered in the world’s authoritative botanical books under the name of Lar and Rineh anemone.

5. Literary background

Damavand Mountain has been mentioned many times in Persian literary works. Since Damavand has a special place in the literature and historical legends of Iran, we can understand the role of Damavand in Iranian myths.

6. The first documented ascent

The first documented and successful ascent of Mount Damavand dates back to 1837. Taylor Thomson was the first person who climbed Damavand and spent one night at Damavand peak. Thompson collected sulfur from the peak, although Thompson climbed Damavand with the help of Iranians.

7. The last volcanic eruption of Damavand

According to geologists’ research, the last serious eruption of this volcanic mountain took place about 7,500 years ago, and since that year, no more serious volcanic activity has been observed or recorded in this area.

8. The first ascent to Damavand

The first person who claimed to have climbed Mount Damavand was Abu Dolf Khazrajji because he described Damavand Peak well in his travelogue and mentioned his ascent to Damavand Peak in 915 AD .

9. Damavand mountain natural glaciers

Mount Damavand has many natural glaciers: Khortab Sar, Dobi Sel (Northern Front), Yachar Valley (Northeast), Siyoleh (Northern Front), Arusokha (Northern Front) are the most important glaciers in Damavand.

10. The first volcanic eruption of Damavand

Damavand is a semi-active volcanic mountain that was mainly formed during the fourth geological period known as the Holocene, and its first eruption occurred nearly 1.78 million years ago. Nevertheless, the highest number of eruptions occurred between 600,000 and 280,000 years ago, and the age of this mountain was estimated to be at least 38,500 years using the carbon 14 method.

11. Damavand National Day celebration

Finally, an interesting point that we would like to inform you is that on the 13th night of November every year in Mazandaran province, there is a celebration that called Damavand National Day, which is registered in the Iran national list.